c) The east Jewish languages show several keeps: biggest worry (1), changes datingranking.net/it/incontri-a-scelta-delle-donne out-of [Theta] to just one (4), reinterpretation from verb classification because profile (5), and reflexive pronouns considering nos- (17). Talking about areal keeps hence span the fundamental divide between Halabja on the one hand and you may Koy Sanjaq and you will Azerbaijan on the other. It is not clear where dialect each develop, however they are most likely lent from one on other people and not handed down in keeping.
These around three big groups of isoglosses show simply a tiny region of proof which will be delivered to happen to the taxonomy of your NENA languages. Hoberman (1988, 573), using research of pronouns, shows the existence of a north Iraqi dialect group (right here represented by Zakho, Tisqopa, and you may Aradhin) and therefore cannot be seen on the basis of the restricted research displayed right here. All it takes now is both thicker descriptions of the languages already reported, with the intention that more common and you may pinpointing properties exists, and now have field-work so you can number many dialects which are with the brink away from extinction.
1 Thanks a lot are due to people who contributed investigation and you will suggestions, for example Gene Gragg, Robert Hoberman, and you can Jo Rubba. Age.H. summer stipend.
Like, f and you may g was chosen into the words particularly etrog ‘citron’ and you can sefer ‘scroll of law’, in which on the passed on Aramaic vocabulary f might have getting p and you can g will have vanished
step 3 Garbell (1964, 100-103) says your speakers regarding Jewish Azerbaiaic from Kurdish. This lady number 1 facts for it ‘s the enunciation regarding Hebrew loan-terms within dialect. Hebrew loanwords when you look at the Jewish Azerbaijani keep some sounds that have been deleted or combined with others in the preferred Neo-Aramaic language. Garbell claims why these retentions establish that these Hebrew words was lent originally for the Kurdish, and this a small grouping of Kurdish audio system after shifted so you’re able to Neo-Aramaic. It looks apt to be your Hebrew elements in the dialect did not be involved in the sound changes in question on account of the new unique spiritual register that they fall-in. They may need altered after which become recovered towards basis of antique enunciation off nearby organizations.
cuatro A raised + reveals that the second keyword try noticable towards the suprasegmental ability ’emphasis’ that is discovered to some extent in all NENA dialects. Phonetically, focus are complex, however, their first role was velarization, and is will brought on by the current presence of new emphatic consonants t and s.
eight Regarding the dialect regarding Tyari [Theta] have a tendency to becomes s. That it dialect, which had been spoken before 1915 in the a location from Hakkari, is not discussed here while the product inside it try diminished.
8 It is not clear if or not this type is available inside new Halabja dialect. My informants from that point understood it, however, said it actually was so much more feature of neighboring town of Suleimaniya. In any case, it is not familiar regarding the dialect of the Jews of Sanandaj.
9 Robert Hoberman indicates to me your NENA versions will get currently have originated from an unattested metathesized age[Theta]strip ezdi.
Boyarin, Daniel. 1981. Into the Bono Homini Donum: Essays when you look at the Historic Linguistics inside the Memories away from J. Alexander Kerns, ed. Yoel L. Arbeitman and Allan Roentgen. Bomhard. Amsterdam Degree regarding the Concept and Reputation for Linguistic Research, collection IV. Most recent Affairs inside Linguistic Idea 16. Area II, 613-forty two. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
An inquiry with the Formation of your own Center Aramaic Dialects
Garbell, Irene. 1964. Flat Words and Syllables into the Jewish East The newest Aramaic off Persian Azerbaijan in addition to Continguous Areas (An issue of Multilingualism). From inside the Degree within the Egyptology and Linguistics honoring H. J. Polotsky, ed. H. B. Rosen, 86-103. Jerusalem: Israel Mining Society.